THE Sharm El-Sheikh Climate Change Conference is currently being held from 6 to 18 November 2022 in the Sinai Peninsula city of Sharm El-Sheikh, Arab Republic of Egypt.
The Conference consists of the 27th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP27) of the UN Framework on Climate Change, 17th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 17), 4th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 4), 57th sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 57) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 57).
Prior to the Conference, technical sessions were held from 30th October to 4th November 2022 for developing country parties from negotiation groups such as the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and the Group of 77 and China. The sessions were held to look through the different agendas, seek consensus and support and networking as well as prepare officials for the main conference.
According to Deputy Secretary Technical Mr, Chanel Iroi, some of the key priority issues for Solomon Islands which were thoroughly discussed during the technical sessions last week includes the following:
- Establishment of a finance facility for Loss and Damage
- Bridging the mitigation gap towards limiting the global temperature rise to well below 1.5 degrees Celsius
- Provision of a high quality and scaled up finance flows to vulnerable countries
- Enhancement of efforts to implement adaptation measures on the ground
- Implement the Paris Rulebook to hold countries and non-state actors accountable
Other issues which are relevant for Solomon Islands at COP27 are Capacity Building, Agriculture, Gender and Oceans.
On the Sunday 6th of November 2022, the Sharm El-Sheikh Climate Change Conference was opened. Speaking at the opening, Sameh Shoukry, Egyptian Minister of Foreign Affairs and COP27 President said: “We’re gathering this year at a time when global climate action is at a watershed moment. Multilateralism is being challenged by geopolitics, spiraling prices, and growing financial crises, while several countries battered by the pandemic have barely recovered, and severe and depleting climate change-induced disasters are becoming more frequent.
COP27 creates a unique opportunity in 2022 for the world to unite, to make multilateralism work by restoring trust and coming together at the highest levels to increase our ambition and action in fighting climate change. COP27 must be remembered as the ‘Implementation COP’ – the one where we restore the grand bargain that is at the centre of the Paris Agreement.”
Also speaking at the opening of the conference, the new UN Climate Change Executive Secretary, Mr. Simon Stiell, asked governments to focus on three critical areas at COP27. The first is a transformational shift to implementation of the Paris Agreement and putting negotiations into concrete actions.
The second is cementing progress on the critical workstreams of mitigation, adaptation, finance and loss and damage, while stepping up finance notably to tackle the impacts of climate change.
The third is enhancing the delivery of the principles of transparency and accountability throughout the UN Climate Change process.
The Solomon Islands delegation who are already in Sharm El-Sheikh consists of SIG line ministries (Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology, Ministry of Forestry and Research, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade, Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet), Inter-governmental Organisations, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment programme (SPREP), Organisation of African Caribbean Pacific States Secretariat, and NGO partners( Solomon Islands Climate Action Network (SICAN),Pacific Islands Students Fighting Climate Change (PISFCC) and Nia Tero).
Source: Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology